Diabetes

Effective Initiation and Treatment With Basal Insulin in People With Type 2 Diabetes: Focus on Mitigating Hypoglycemia in Patients at Increased Risk: Executive Summary

Many people with type 2 diabetes are treated with insulin with the goal of achieving a specific A1C target. The most prominent risk for people on insulin therapy is hypoglycemia. When basal insulin analogs are used appropriately, the risk of hypoglycemia can be reduced while still achieving individualized glycemic goals.In a series of short videos now available on the Clinical Diabetes website, the authors discuss approaches to optimizing basal insulin initiation and treatment in people with type 2 diabetes, including those at high risk such as individuals with renal impairment and older adults, with a focus on reaching A1C goals while mitigating the risk for hypoglycemia.This article is intended to briefly summarize those discussions, and readers are encouraged to view the videos in their entirety at https://clinical.diabetesjournals.org/content/basal-insulin-videos.Video SummariesIntroduction (Available at https://bcove.video/2Q2Rb9b)Approximately 50% of people with type 2 diabetes have poorly controlled disease and are vulnerable to long-term micro- and macrovascular complications (1). As type 2 diabetes progresses, many patients will require insulin to maintain glycemic control. The appropriate use of insulin requires a balance between the need for tight glucose control and the potential risk for hypoglycemia. Definitions of hypoglycemia have evolved over time, and the American Diabetes Association (ADA) now uses a three-level classification of hypoglycemia severity (2). Mitigating the risk for hypoglycemia is crucial to the successful treatment of people with type 2 diabetes. In the following series of videos, the authors discuss the use of available insulin formulations in the context of hypoglycemia risk.Basal Insulin Therapy—Balancing Glycemic Control With Risk for Hypoglycemia (Available at https://bcove.video/3h3Y85h)The achievement of tight glycemic control reduces micro- and macrovascular complications, and adherence to treatment improves quality of life and decreases health care costs (3–9). The authors discuss the association between A1C reduction and microvascular complications, as reported in the UK …

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